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Gynecologic Oncology

WHAT IS GYNECOLOGIC ONCOLOGY?


Gynecologic Oncology is the medical subspecialty that is responsible for the care of women with genital cancer, that is, cancer of the cervix, endometrial or body cancer, ovarian cancer, vulvar or vaginal cancer.

In 1969, the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology, faced with the impossibility of assimilating the avalanche of information and mastering all the techniques that were offered to specialists at the time, recommended the creation of 3 subspecialties: maternal-fetal medicine, medicine of reproduction and gynecologic oncology. In 1972, the guidelines for the certification of this last subspecialty were defined, which for years has been consolidated based on the advances in medicine itself.

Since its creation and until today, Gynecologic Oncology appears as the most suitable medical subspecialty that exists today in the world to effectively prevent and treat gynecological cancer.


DOES GYNECOLOGIC ONCOLOGY ONLY TREAT GYNECOLOGICAL CANCER?


No, Gynecologic Oncology, in addition to gynecological cancers, is also in charge of all benign and malignant pathologies of the breast, both in women and in men, with this being of lower incidence (1 in 100 men may suffer from breast cancer). Gynecologic oncologists are trained in its prevention, diagnosis and treatment. Recall that breast cancer is the second most frequent cancer after lung cancer in the general population in the world, and is the leading cause of death from cancer in women worldwide, representing 15% of deaths, lung cancer follows with 13.8%, colorectal cancer 9.5% and cervical cancer with 7.5% per year. That is why in the identification of risk factors, prevention and early diagnosis of breast cancer is one of the essential objectives of all gynecologic oncologists.


CAN GYNECOLOGICAL CANCER BE PREVENTED?


Within all gynecologic cancers, only cervical, vulvar, and vaginal cancer related to infection with some papillomavirus can be prevented with the application of FDA-approved vaccines. That is why evaluation and advice by gynecologic oncology specialists is important to identify the candidates for these vaccines as well as the identification of other risk factors that increase the possibility of some type of gynecological cancer as well as regulating behaviors to reduce such factors such as following:


  • Performing physical exercise regularly (at least 4 hours a week).
  • Avoiding overweight and obesity after menopause and regular alcohol consumption.
  • Regulating the use of hormonal therapies (for fertility, for menopause or contraceptives).
  • Avoid tobacco.
  • Identifying women with a very high risk of developing breast cancer and other gynecological cancers due to BRCA, MLH, TP53 mutations, among others, and taking prophylactic measures that reduce the possibility of presentation.
  • Carrying out screening tests such as cytology to identify cervical cancer that is recommended two years after starting sexual life in the event of alterations, there are diagnostic tests such as colposcopy, biopsies, etc.
  • Carrying out bilateral mammography from the age of 40 for early detection of breast cancer.
  • And regularly going to gynecological check-ups to identify pathologies of the female reproductive system that could be related to some gynecological cancer, since there are no standardized screening tests for endometrial, vulvar or vaginal ovarian cancer.

WHO SHOULD VISIT A GYNECOLOGIST ONCOLOGIST?


Any patient who needs advice on the identification of risk factors, prevention and the same, as well as any patient who has suspicion of gynecological cancer or breast cancer.
It is recommended from the age of 18 to start with gynecological counseling to be able to identify early any pathology that may be related to some gynecological cancer and patients with a higher risk of suffering it.

Specialists

Dr. Jorge Gómez is a graduate of Medicine from the University of Guadalajara, he specialized in oncological surgery at the...
Oncologist
Dr. Marinere Torres Aguilar is a graduate of the General Hospital of Mexico where she specialized in Medical Oncology, she...
Oncologist
Originally from Cancun Quintana Roo, Dr. Raúl Díaz is a medical graduate from UADY, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán. He specialized...
Oncologist
Dr. Alondra Naranjo is a Medical Oncologist who has been part of the Oncology Center multidisciplinary team for several years,...
Dr. Omar Ortega studied a Bachelor of Medicine at the University of Guadalajara, later he completed a specialty in General...
Oncologist
Dr. Andrea Vargas is originally from the city of Cancun Q. Roo, her basic education was carried out at the...
Pharmaceutical Chemist Biologist
José María de Jesús Mendoza Rosado is a graduate of the Autonomous University of Yucatán (UADY), Yucatán, México. He has...
Gynecologic Oncologist
Dr. Ana Lilia Franco is a specialist in Gynecology and Obstetrics with a subspecialty in Gynecologic Oncology. She is a...
Radio Oncologist
Dr. Jheymmy Ortiz is the head of Radiation Therapy at Cancun Oncology Center and the only Radio Oncologist in Quintana...
Surgical Oncologist
Dr. Brenda Pastrana is part of the multidisciplinary team at Cancun Cancer Institute. Oncologist Surgeon graduated from the National University...
Gynecologic Oncologist
Dr. Elisa Paola Jiménez Arroyo is a Gynecologic Oncologist who started her medical training in the Autonomous University of The...
Oncologist
Dr. Arianna Tabares has a specialty in Internal Medicine from the Universidad de Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, as well as...

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