WHAT IS MEDICAL ONCOLOGY?
It is a specialty, derived from Internal Medicine, which is responsible for the study, diagnosis and comprehensive treatment of cancer.
WHAT IS CANCER?
Group of diseases that can affect any part of the organism, starting with an abnormal cell, which proliferates, evades its death, develops a survival mechanism, invades adjacent tissues and has the ability to travel at a distance.
Alteration in the balance between proliferation and cell death, with the development of a clone capable of invading and destroying adjacent tissues with the ability to spread remotely.
HOW IS CANCER TREATED?
Treatment depends on the primary site, the clinical stage, the characteristics of the tumor and the patient’s conditions. The three main modalities are: Chemotherapy, Oncological Surgery and Radiotherapy.
YOUR CHEMOTHERAPY PLAN.
You and your Cancun Cancer Institute oncologist will decide which medication or combination of medications to receive. Medications, doses, and chemotherapy treatment schedule depend on many factors:
- The type of cancer.
- The size of the tumor, its location and whether it has spread (the clinical stage of the disease).
- Your age and general health.
- How well can you cope with certain side effects.
- Previous treatments against cancer.
Before starting chemotherapy, it is the shared responsibility (of the Medical Team, patient and family) to evaluate the benefit of the same versus the risk, and to control the situations that allow us to have the best results with the treatment.
Cancer treatment is multidisciplinary. At Cancun Cancer Institute we have the support of Radiation Oncologist, Surgical Oncologists, Nutritionist, Psychologist, Physiotherapist.
ASIDE FROM CHEMOTHERAPY, WHAT ARE THE OTHER MODALITIES OF SYSTEMIC TREATMENT?
Systemic cancer treatment has various modalities: chemotherapy, anti-hormonal therapy, target therapy, and immunotherapy, and their various combinations.
HOW ARE SYSTEMIC TREATMENTS SELECTED?
Treatment depends on the type of Cancer, that is, the primary site, as well as the clinical stage and its objective, these have been tested according to clinical studies, as well as updated international guidelines and recommendations.
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